The leaning tower in Pisa
There are a number of theories supporting Pisa’s Ligurian or Greek origin, but it is certain that it was an Etruscan settlement and, later, a Roman colony. During the Medieval Era the city became a powerful economic, political and artistic centre. Buildings, squares and narrow alleys were built perpendiculary to the River Arno, which represented an important trade route for the city economy. When Pisa was conquered by Florence in 1406, it entered in a long period of crisis that ended when the Medici nobles took over the political power. It was finally annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
Pisa’s worldwide fame is associated with the Leaning Tower situated on the Field of Miracles but it is certainly not the only city’s treasure. There are other monuments also situated on the Field of Miracles, that's to say the Duomo, the Baptistery and the Monumental Cemetery, monuments that are obligatory sights for all visitors. Pisa is also home to the oldest botanic garden in Europe, churches and ancient libraries.
Details of the Pisa leaning tower
Visitors are advised to take more that 2 or 3 hours to visit Pisa and are invited to discover it walking, by riding a bike or even by a one-horse carriage ride. You can even take a tour by boat and enjoy the Lungarni. Its medieval centre with the lovely vegetable market and the best restaurants and bars in town are worth your attention, too.
Finally it's important to remember that the city of Pisa hosts the most important airport in Tuscany, the Galileo Galilei airport, which daily covers national, international (from/to the main European and world Capitals) and charter flies.